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The Resources library enables the user to search for publications produced by C-Change, including our country programs. For additional resources, tools, and communication materials produced by the C-Change project, visit              C-Hub.

To search, use the scrollable list boxes (country, topic, type) and the fill-in box (keyword) on the left to initiate your search. To make more than one selection in the search areas, hold down the Ctrl key and select with the mouse. Similarly, to deselect, hold down the Ctrl key. The Reset button allows you to clear the fields and initiate a new search. 

Jul 20, 2012

Cover of report: Intergrating Sanitation into Services for People Living with HIV and AIDSThis publication from C-Change and WASHplus outlines quick, easy ways to integrate sanitation into PEPFAR programs for people living with HIV and AIDS and the rationale for doing so. Designed for PEPFAR managers, government/ministry of health staff, country program managers, and health workers, the report offers guidelines and tools, examples of how countries have integrated sanitation into their HIV programming, and a suggested list of in-country partners.


Jul 18, 2012

 C-Change created the C-Modules for facilitated, face-to-face workshops on social and behavior change communication (SBCC). The package includes a series of six modules for communication practitioners working in development. A facilitator's guide accompanies each module. 




Jun 20, 2012

cover-research brief adult women study in Namibia and South AfricaC-Change research studies in Namibia, South Africa, and Ethiopia addressed the fact that adult women in their 20s and 30s have the highest rates of HIV infection. Findings across rural and urban communities indicate that both men and women understand risk behaviors and underlying factors that contribute to high rates of HIV infection.This knowledge has not yet been transformed into action in the context of relationships, and communities have not been adequately involved in developing local strategies on HIV prevention. Study participants shared a wide range of personal HIV-prevention strategies, as well their ideas on increasing community engagement in the prevention response. Separate studies were conducted in Ethiopia, South Africa and Namibia. A research brief summarizes findings from South Africa and Namibia.

Presentation on Ethiopia Adult Women studyDecember 6, 2012

A PowerPoint presentation on Adult Women study findings in Ethiopia at a dissemination meeting in Addis Ababa on December 6, 2012. The results have implications for policy and programming related to improving social and behavior change communication (SBCC) to address high vulnerability to HIV of women, aged 20 - 34 in Ethiopia.

This study was part of a three country study (Namibia, South Africa, and Ethiopia) looking at vulnerability among adult women aged 20-34, a group that has the highest rates of HIV infection. In Ethiopia the study was conducted in five urban hotspots (Bahir Dar, Bure, Dessie, Metema, and Sekota) and rural areas around these locations through 40 focus group discussions and 39 in-depth interviews.

A copy of the full report will be posted here once it is finalized.

Jun 13, 2012

Presentation on gender attitudes, couple concordance, and family planning in Tanzania This C-Change presentation exploring relationships between gender attitudes, couple concordance, and family planning was delivered at the Population Association of America 2012 Annual Meeting in San Francisco on May 5, 2012, and at the 2012 European Population Conference in Stockholm, Sweden on, June 13,  2012. It addresses baseline results from an operations research study and findings from a household survey with 200 couples from two regions in Tanzania. Logistic regression analyses suggest couples in which the husband and wife both held gender-equitable attitudes were more likely to use contraception than couples in which spouses had less equitable attitudes. Spouses who perceived that the other spouse approved of family planning were more likely to use contraception than spouses who disagreed or didn’t know about the other’s approval of family planning. These findings suggest that interventions and studies designed to influence or capture what goes on between couples should include both members of the couple, rather than husbands or wives individually. The findings also suggest that reducing gender inequality and encouraging couple communication will be conducive to the practice of family planning.


May 30, 2012

 cover of bed net studyThis report of a C-Change study in the Arsi Zone of Ethiopia examined the scope and extent of bed net use for alternative purposes, drawing comparisons between communities reached and not reached by complementary C-Change SBCC activities. The study noted higher alternative use of bed nets in comparison communities not reached by SBCC activities. In communities reached by C-Change’s SBCC interventions, the study found higher bed net use for malaria prevention and a narrower gap between bed net ownership and bed net use. The types of alternative uses observed in both communities included use as bedding, curtains, side wall for outdoor toilets, cover for grain, and rope. The report offers recommendations for SBCC programs that promote bed net use for malaria prevention and control.

May 29, 2012

Multi-Step Process and Tools for SBCC Capacity StrengtheningC-Change developed a comprehensive process to assess and strengthen the capacity of organizations to use social and behavior change communication (SBCC) in implementing HIV prevention interventions in Namibia. This brief describes the process and the tools (developed by C-Change and C-Change/Namibia), and how ongoing mentoring and technical assistance) unfolded in Namibia. The tools are available on C-Hub.



May 25, 2012

Essential Malaria Guide for Kenyan Families

This Essential Malaria Action Guide for Kenyan Families, developed by Kenya' Division of Malaria Control with SBCC technical guidance from C-Change, outlines seven essential malaria actions (EMAs) that fall into four categories: use of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs), malaria case management, indoor residual spraying, and malaria prevention during pregnancy.

The guide provides health managers, health workers, NGO partners, and others working in malaria control and prevention in Kenya with a common set of strategies, a key set of messages for households, and the basis for all social and behavior change communication (SBCC) activities and interventions in this area. The C-Change team provided SBCC technical input for the guide, whose development was led by Government of Kenya’s Division of Malaria Control.

May 07, 2012

Frontline health care workers facilitator's guideSocial and Behavior Change Communication (SBCC) for Frontline Health Care Workers is a learning package for use in face-to-face workshops with nurses, community health extension workers, and HIV counselors on SBCC and interpersonal communication (IPC). The package comprises a Facilitator’s Guide and a Participant Handout Packet with worksheets.



May 05, 2012

Poster on family planning research in MalawiThis poster was presented at the 2012 annual meeting of the Population Association of America in San Francisco. It outlines a formative research study in Malawi on how the fertility desires and attitudes to family planning of husbands and their families influence women’s use of family planning. In addition to identifying the barriers to family planning use, the study explored underlying societal beliefs, norms, values and perceptions that influence and sustain these barriers. The study found that husbands and their family members exert significant influence on fertility and family planning decisions, with women’s rights to family planning largely ignored. Programmatic implications include the need to develop an SBCC strategy that targets the people who directly influence family planning decisions, as well as the need to develop culturally sensitive messages that highlight the benefits of family planning and child spacing, argue against preferences for large families, and address gaps in the knowledge of family and community members.